Plastics

Plastics and their properties

 
  • Translucent
  • Autoclavable
  • Maximum temperature: 135°C (275°F)
  • Brittleness temperature: 0°C (32°F)
Polypropylene has relatively poor impact strength, but excellent compatibility with weak and concentrated acids, bases and alcohol.* Polypropylene is commonly used to make bottles, vials, pumps, funnels and clothing.
Polypropylene Bottles
Polypropylene Bottles
 
  • Translucent
  • Not autoclavable
  • Maximum temperature for high-density polyethylene (HDPE) is 110°C (248°F)
  • Maximum temperature for low-density polyethylene (LDPE) is 80°C (176°F)
  • Brittleness temperature for both HDPE and LDPE is -50°C (-50°F)
Polyethylene has high impact strength and excellent compatibility with weak and concentrated acids, bases and alcohol.* Polyethylene is used to manufacture waste bags, bottles, refuse containers, pumps and secondary containment platforms.
 
 
  • Transparent
  • Autoclavable
  • Maximum temperature: 135°C (275°F)
  • Brittleness temperature: -135°C (-135°F)
Polycarbonate has high impact strength and excellent compatibility with weak acids.* Polycarbonate is commonly used to make non-breakable windows, safety eyewear and face shields.
 
Polycarbonate Bottles
Polycarbonate Bottles
 
POLYMETHYLPENTENE (PMP)
 
  • Transparent
  • Autoclavable
  • Maximum temperature: 175°C (347°F)
  • Brittleness temperature: 20°C (68°F)
Polymethylpentene has excellent compatibility with weak and concentrated acids, bases and alcohol.* Polymethylpentene is commonly used to make beakers and graduated cylinders.
 
 
  • Opaque
  • Autoclavable
  • Maximum temperature: 270°C (50°F)
  • Brittleness temperature: -100°C (-100°F)
PTFE resin has excellent compatibility with almost all chemicals.* PTFE resin is used to produce pumps, stoppers, tubing, containers, non-stick pans and samplers.
 
 
  • Clear
  • Not autoclavable
  • Maximum temperature: 70°C (158°F)
  • Brittleness temperature: -30°C (-22°F)
Polyvinyl chloride has excellent compatibility with almost all chemicals.* Polyvinyl chloride is used to manufacture plumbing pipes, raincoats, footwear, earplugs, pumps and tubing.
 
 
 
Clear
Not autoclavable
Maximum temperature: 70°C (158°F)
Brittleness temperature: -40°C (-40°F)
Polyethylene terephthalate copolymer has excellent compatibility with weak acids, alcohol and aliphatic hydrocarbons.* It is used to make face shields and bottles.
PET Square Bottles
PET Square Bottles
 
 
  • Clear
  • Not autoclavable
  • Maximum temperature: 90°C (194°F)
  • Brittleness temperature: -20°C (-4°F)
Polystyrene has high strength and impact resistance and excellent compatibility with weak acids, alcohol and bases.* Ice buckets and scoops are commonly made with polystyrene.
 
 
  • Clear
  • Autoclavable
  • Maximum temperature: 50°C (122°F)
  • Brittleness temperature: 20°C (68°F)
Polymethyl methacrylate does not have excellent compatibility with any group of chemicals.

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